NKI Nuc Lamina Super-track Settings
 
NKI Nuclear Lamina Associated Domains (LaminB1 DamID) Tracks   (All Regulation tracks)

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LaminB1 (Tig3)  NKI LaminB1 DamID Map (log2-ratio scores, Tig3 cells)
NKI LADs (Tig3)  NKI LADs (Lamina Associated Domains, Tig3 cells)
Data coordinates converted via liftOver from: Mar. 2006 (NCBI36/hg18)

 Note: these data have been converted via liftOver from the Mar. 2006 (NCBI36/hg18) version of the track.

Overview

Nuclear Lamina and Chromosomal Organization

Model of chromosome organization in interphase, summarizing the main results presented in this paper. Large, discrete chromosomal domains are dynamically associated (double arrows) with the nuclear lamina, and demarcated by putative insulator elements that include CTCF binding sites, promoters that are oriented away from the lamina, and CpG islands (Fig. S1, Guelen et al., 2008).

The architecture of human chromosomes in interphase nuclei is still largely unknown. Microscopy studies have indicated that specific regions of chromosomes are located in close proximity to the nuclear lamina (NL, a dense fibrillar network associated with the inner face of the nuclear envelope). This has led to the idea that certain genomic elements may be attached to the NL, which may contribute to the spatial organization of chromosomes inside the nucleus. This track represents a high-resolution map of genome-NL interactions in human Tig3 lung fibroblasts, as determined by the DamID technique.

NKI LaminB1 track

The LaminB1 track shows a high resolution map of the interaction sites of the entire genome with Lamin B1, (a key NL component) in human fibroblasts. This map shows that genome-lamina interactions occur through more than 1,300 sharply defined large domains 0.1-10 megabases in size. Microscopy evidence indicates that most of these domains are preferentially located at nuclear periphery. These lamina associated domains (LADs) are characterized by low gene-expression levels, indicating that LADs represent a repressive chromatin environment. The borders of LADs are demarcated by the insulator protein CTCF, by promoters that are oriented away from LADs, or by CpG islands, suggesting possible mechanisms of LAD confinement. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the human genome is divided into large, discrete domains that are units of chromosome organization within the nucleus (see Guelen et al., 2008).

NKI LADs track

The LADs track shows Lamina Associated Domains, or LADs, based on a genome-wide DamID profile of LaminB1 (above). For the definition of LADs, the full-genome lamin B1 DamID data set was binarized by setting tiling array probes with positive DamID log ratios to 1 and otherwise to 21. Next, a two-step algorithm was used to identify LADs. First, sharp transitions were identified with a sliding edge filter, which calculates the difference in average binary values in two windows of 99 neighbouring probes immediately left and right of a queried probe. The cutoff for this difference was chosen such that the number of edges detected in randomly permuted data sets was less than 5% of the number of edges detected in the original lamin B1 data set. Second, pairs of adjacent 'left' and 'right' edges were identified that together enclosed a region of arbitrary size with at least 70% of the enclosed probes reporting a positive log2 ratio. A total of 1,344 regions fulfilled these criteria and were termed LADs. In 20 randomly permuted data sets, fewer than 13 domains were identified by the same criteria. Note that there are also lamin-B1-positive domains flanked by one or two gradual or irregular transitions. Because it is difficult to define the borders of such domains precisely, these 'fuzzy' domains are not analyzed here. (see Guelen et al., 2008).

Display Conventions and Configuration

The LaminB1 wiggle track values range from -6.602 to 5.678 and were normalized so have a median of 0 and standard deviation of 1.037. The default vertical viewing range for the wiggle track was chosen from -2 to 2 because this is roughly +/- 2 standard deviations.

For an example region see genomic location: chr4:35,000,001-45,000,000 (Fig 1, Guelen et al., 2008).

Methods

The DamID technique was applied to generate a high-resolution map of NL interactions for the entire human genome. DamID is based on targeted adenine methylation of DNA sequences that interact in vivo with a protein of interest.

DamID was performed with lentiviral transduction as described (Guelen et al., 2008). In short, a fusion protein consisting of Escherichia coli DNA adenine methyltransferase (Dam) fused to human LaminB1 was introduced into cultured Tig3 human lung fibroblasts. Dam methylates adenines in the sequence GATC, a mark absent in most eukaryotes. Here, the LaminB1-Dam fusion protein incorporates in the nuclear lamina, as verified by immunofluorescence staining. Hence, the sequences near the nuclear lamina are marked with a unique methylation tag. The adenine methylation pattern was detected with genomic tiling arrays. Unfused Dam was used as a reference (http://research.nki.nl/vansteensellab/DamID.htm). The data shown are the log2-ratio of LaminB1-Dam fusion protein over Dam-only.

Sample labelling and hybridizations were performed by NimbleGen Inc., on a set of 8 custom-designed oligonucleotide arrays, with a median probe spacing of ~750 bp. All probes recognize unique (non-repetitive) sequences. The raw data was log2 transformed and loess normalized. Between array median/scale normalization was based on 6979 probes common to all arrays. Replicate arrays were averaged and the full data set normalized to genome-wide median.

Verification

The data are based on two independent biological replicates. Fluorescence in situ hybridization microscopy confirmed that most of the LaminB1 associated regions are preferentially located at the nuclear periphery. The array platform, the raw and normalized data have been deposited at the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/) under accession number GSE8854.

Credits

The data for this track were generated by Lars Guelen, Ludo Pagie, and Bas van Steensel at the Van Steensel Lab, Netherlands Cancer Institute.

References

Guelen L, Pagie L, Brasset E, Meuleman W, Faza MB, Talhout W, Eussen BH, de Klein A, Wessels L, de Laat W, van Steensel B. Domain organization of human chromosomes revealed by mapping of nuclear lamina interactions Nature. 2008 June 12;453:948-951.