Human Gene HLA-DPB1 (uc011hgd.2) Description and Page Index
  Description: Homo sapiens major histocompatibility complex, class II, DP beta 1 (HLA-DPB1), mRNA.
RefSeq Summary (NM_002121): HLA-DPB belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogues. This class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DPA) and a beta chain (DPB), both anchored in the membrane. It plays a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The beta chain is approximately 26-28 kDa and its gene contains 6 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and exon 5 encodes the cytoplasmic tail. Within the DP molecule both the alpha chain and the beta chain contain the polymorphisms specifying the peptide binding specificities, resulting in up to 4 different molecules. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]. Sequence Note: This RefSeq record was created from transcript and genomic sequence data to make the sequence consistent with the reference genome assembly. The genomic coordinates used for the transcript record were based on transcript alignments. Publication Note: This RefSeq record includes a subset of the publications that are available for this gene. Please see the Gene record to access additional publications. ##Evidence-Data-START## Transcript exon combination :: M83664.1, BC013184.1 [ECO:0000332] RNAseq introns :: single sample supports all introns ERS025081, ERS025082 [ECO:0000348] ##Evidence-Data-END##
Transcript (Including UTRs)
   Position: chr6_mann_hap4:4,501,243-4,515,019 Size: 13,777 Total Exon Count: 6 Strand: +
Coding Region
   Position: chr6_mann_hap4:4,501,359-4,511,561 Size: 10,203 Coding Exon Count: 5 

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RNA StructureProtein StructureOther SpeciesmRNA DescriptionsPathwaysOther Names
Model InformationMethods
Data last updated: 2013-06-14

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-  Comments and Description Text from UniProtKB
DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DP beta 1 chain; AltName: Full=HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DP(W4) beta chain; AltName: Full=MHC class II antigen DPB1; Flags: Precursor;
FUNCTION: Binds peptides derived from antigens that access the endocytic route of antigen presenting cells (APC) and presents them on the cell surface for recognition by the CD4 T-cells. The peptide binding cleft accommodates peptides of 10-30 residues. The peptides presented by MHC class II molecules are generated mostly by degradation of proteins that access the endocytic route, where they are processed by lysosomal proteases and other hydrolases. Exogenous antigens that have been endocytosed by the APC are thus readily available for presentation via MHC II molecules, and for this reason this antigen presentation pathway is usually referred to as exogenous. As membrane proteins on their way to degradation in lysosomes as part of their normal turn-over are also contained in the endosomal/lysosomal compartments, exogenous antigens must compete with those derived from endogenous components. Autophagy is also a source of endogenous peptides, autophagosomes constitutively fuse with MHC class II loading compartments. In addition to APCs, other cells of the gastrointestinal tract, such as epithelial cells, express MHC class II molecules and CD74 and act as APCs, which is an unusual trait of the GI tract. To produce a MHC class II molecule that presents an antigen, three MHC class II molecules (heterodimers of an alpha and a beta chain) associate with a CD74 trimer in the ER to form a heterononamer. Soon after the entry of this complex into the endosomal/lysosomal system where antigen processing occurs, CD74 undergoes a sequential degradation by various proteases, including CTSS and CTSL, leaving a small fragment termed CLIP (class-II-associated invariant chain peptide). The removal of CLIP is facilitated by HLA-DM via direct binding to the alpha-beta-CLIP complex so that CLIP is released. HLA-DM stabilizes MHC class II molecules until primary high affinity antigenic peptides are bound. The MHC II molecule bound to a peptide is then transported to the cell membrane surface. In B-cells, the interaction between HLA-DM and MHC class II molecules is regulated by HLA-DO. Primary dendritic cells (DCs) also to express HLA-DO. Lysosomal microenvironment has been implicated in the regulation of antigen loading into MHC II molecules, increased acidification produces increased proteolysis and efficient peptide loading.
SUBUNIT: Heterodimer of an alpha and a beta subunit; also referred as MHC class II molecule. In the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) it forms a heterononamer; 3 MHC class II molecules bind to a CD74 homotrimer (also known as invariant chain or HLA class II histocompatibility antigen gamma chain). In the endosomal/lysosomal system; CD74 undergoes sequential degradation by various proteases; leaving a small fragment termed CLIP on each MHC class II molecule. MHC class II molecule interacts with HLA_DM, and HLA_DO in B-cells, in order to release CLIP and facilitate the binding of antigenic peptides.
SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Golgi apparatus, trans-Golgi network membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Endosome membrane; Single- pass type I membrane protein. Lysosome membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Note=The MHC class II complex transits through a number of intracellular compartments in the endocytic pathway until it reaches the cell membrane for antigen presentation.
POLYMORPHISM: The following alleles of HLA-DPB1 are known: DPB1*01:01, DPB1*01:02, DPB1*02:01, DPB1*02:02, DPB1*02:03, DPB1*03:01, DPB1*03:02, DPB1*04:01, DPB1*04:02, DPB1*04:03, DPB1*05:01, DPB1*05:02, DPB1*06:01, DPB1*06:02, DPB1*08:01, DPB1*08:02, DPB1*09:01, DPB1*09:02, DPB1*10:01, DPB1*10:02, DPB1*11:01, DPB1*11:02, DPB1*13:01, DPB1*13:02, DPB1*14:01, DPB1*14:02, DPB1*15:01, DPB1*15:02, DPB1*16:01, DPB1*16:02, DPB1*17:01, DPB1*17:02, DPB1*18:01, DPB1*18:02, DPB1*19:01, DPB1*19:02, DPB1*20:01, DPB1*20:02, DPB1*21:01, DPB1*21:02, DPB1*22:01, DPB1*22:02, DPB1*23:01, DPB1*24:01, DPB1*24:02, DPB1*25:01, DPB1*25:02, DPB1*26:01, DPB1*26:02, DPB1*27:01, DPB1*28:01, DPB1*29:01, DPB1*30:01, DPB1*31:01, DPB1*32:01, DPB1*33:01, DPB1*34:01, DPB1*35:01, DPB1*36:01, DPB1*37:01, DPB1*38:01, DPB1*39:01, DPB1*40:01, DPB1*41:01, DPB1*44:01, DPB1*45:01, DPB1*46:01, DPB1*47:01, DPB1*48:01, DPB1*49:01, DPB1*50:01, DPB1*51:01, DPB1*52:01, DPB1*53:01, DPB1*54:01, DPB1*55:01, DPB1*56:01, DPB1*57:01, DPB1*58:01, DPB1*59:01, DPB1*60:01, DPB1*62:01, DPB1*63:01, DPB1*65:01, DPB1*66:01, DPB1*67:01, DPB1*68:01, DPB1*69:01, DPB1*70:01, DPB1*71:01, DPB1*72:01, DPB1*73:01, DPB1*74:01, DPB1*75:01, DPB1*76:01, DPB1*77:01, DPB1*78:01, DPB1*79:01, DPB1*80:01, DPB1*81:01, DPB1*82:01, DPB1*83:01, DPB1*84:01, DPB1*85:01, DPB1*86:01, DPB1*87:01, DPB1*88:01, DPB1*89:01, DPB1*90:01, DPB1*91:01, DPB1*92:01, DPB1*93:01, DPB1*94:01, DPB1*95:01, DPB1*96:01, DPB1*97:01, DPB1*98:01 and DPB1*99:01. The sequence shown is that of DPB1*04:01.
SIMILARITY: Belongs to the MHC class II family.
SIMILARITY: Contains 1 Ig-like C1-type (immunoglobulin-like) domain.
SEQUENCE CAUTION: Sequence=AAQ12564.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=39;

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-  Protein Domain and Structure Information
  InterPro Domains: Graphical view of domain structure
IPR007110 - Ig-like_dom
IPR013783 - Ig-like_fold
IPR003006 - Ig/MHC_CS
IPR003597 - Ig_C1-set
IPR011162 - MHC_I/II-like_Ag-recog
IPR014745 - MHC_II_a/b_N
IPR000353 - MHC_II_b_N

Pfam Domains:
PF00047 - Immunoglobulin domain
PF00969 - Class II histocompatibility antigen, beta domain
PF07654 - Immunoglobulin C1-set domain

SCOP Domains:
48726 - Immunoglobulin
54452 - MHC antigen-recognition domain

Protein Data Bank (PDB) 3-D Structure

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ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on P04440
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-  Orthologous Genes in Other Species
  Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.
MouseRatZebrafishD. melanogasterC. elegansS. cerevisiae
No orthologNo orthologNo orthologNo orthologNo orthologNo ortholog

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